A Practical Guide to SharePoint 2013

A Practical Guide to SharePoint 2013
A Practical Guide to SharePoint 2013 - Book by Saifullah Shafiq

Wednesday, October 3, 2007

Invalid column name c2

SharePoint gives you this error when you try to search documents using the SPQuery object and you search by passing the document's Name. SPQuery object uses the internal field names so it's important to pass correct internal name for the correct field to be searched. By default, the "Name" field that is visible in the library has the internal name "LinkFilename" so when someone wants to search a document in the library using the "Name" field, obviously he uses the "LinkFilename" to search the document but strangely enough, it returns the following error:
"Invalid column name C2"
This error occurs in the sQL Server. SharePoint tries to search this field in the DB and returns an error when the field is not found. I haven't checked whether this field actually exists in the DB or not but we get an error. There are two more "Name" fields in the library. The internal names of the three "Name" fields are as following:
Name="LinkFilename" DisplayName="Name FieldType="Computed" -> default
Name="FileLeafRef" DisplayName="Name" FieldType="File"
Name="LinkFilenameNoMenu" DisplayName="Name" FieldType="Computed"
If you look at the definitions, you will notice that the FieldType of the two fields is "Computed" and for one field, it is "File". By default, it is the first field that is shown in the library. It has the FieldType "Computed". To search the document in the library using the "Name" field, you must use the second field that has the internal name "FileLeafRef". Although, this field is not visible in the library by default but it will return the document in the search. It's FieldType is "File" and therefore, you will have to pass the complete filename alongwith the extension in order for search to work and return the document. The third "Name" field also errors out. It is not necessary to make this field visible in the library to make the search work.
Sample query:
SPQuery query = new SPQuery();
query.Query = "<Where><Eq><FieldRef Name='FileLeafRef'></FieldRef><Value Type='Text'>" + itemName + "</Value></Eq></Where>";
                           
SPListItemCollection listitems = list.GetItems(query);
"itemName" is the parameter that contains the file's name (passed from the interface or the calling function). It will be the complete name (alongwith extension), for example, document1.doc.