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A Practical Guide to SharePoint 2013
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Saturday, December 1, 2012
Setup SSL in SharePoint 2013 using commercial certificates
In this article you will learn how to setup SSL in
SharePoint 2013. In my next article I will show you how to setup an Extranet in
SharePoint 2013. Corporations usually setup SSL for Extranet sites. There are
three ways to setup SSL.
1.One way is to use a commercial SSL certificate.
There are many sites that sell SSL certificates. For learning purposes you can
sign up for a trial version (30 days). This is what this article will focus on
2.Second way is to use a self-signed certificate
thatyou create in IIS.
3.Third way is to set up your server to issue a
certificate. This is what you need if you have custom DNS entries. Of course,
you can also use first option (using commercial certificate) if you have DNS
entries. If you use self-signed certificate and you have DNS entries, you get
an error. More on this in another article!
So, let’s start. In this article, I will show you how to use
Verisign certificate. Verisign is one the most popular companies that issue SSL
certificates. We will sign up for a trial version.
1.Before you sign up on Verisign site, we first
need to create a certificate request. This will be needed whenyou sign up at Verisign.
2.Open IIS 7.0 (Start > Administrative Tools
> Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager).
3.Click on the server name.
section, double-click Server Certificates.
5.On the right side, under Actions, click Create
Certificate Request… link.
Certificate form will open. Fill out the fields. Enter your site name or
URL in theCommon Name field. Enter your company name or abbreviation in Organization and Organizational Unit fields. Enter City and State. Enter
full state name, abbreviation is not accepted. Select Country/region and click Next.
7.Keep the default values selected. Cryptographic service provider should
have Microsoft RSA SChannel
Cryptographic Provider selected. If it’s a test or development environment,
you can keep Bit length set to 1024.
If it’s a production environment and you are using a purchased SSL key, then
select Bit length according to your
needs. What kind of security is needed depends on what kind of site you have
created and what kind of content it has. For confidential content or for
government sites, you may want to select at least 2048 in Bit length. Remember, the greater the bit length, the stronger the
security. However, a greater bit length may decrease performance.
8.Browse to a folder that will store the request
and give a name to the file, for example, sslrequest. Click Finish.
9.Go to Verisign site and sign up for a trial
version. Here is the direct link for the signup page:
Enter technical contact details and click Continue. On the next screen, you will
be asked to enter CSR. Open the request file that you had created, copy it and
paste it into the box on the site. Once you have signed up, you will get an
email with the key.
10.There will be three links in the email. Click
the first link to downloadand install
the Test Root CA Certificate. On the download page, there are different
browsers listed. Select the browser that you will use for your site testing.
Remember if you know you audience will use different browsers then you need to
perform this step for every browser that your audience will be using. Steps for
Internet Explorer are listed next.
11.Click the link Download Secure Site Trial Root Certificate link. From the box,
copy the certificate and save it in a text file with a .cer extension.
12.Open Internet Explorer.
13.Go to Tools > Internet Options > Content
A wizard will open. Click Next.
15.Browse to the location of the recently stored
.cer file (step 11 above).
16.Select the certificate and click Open.
select the certificate store based on the type of the certificate. Click Ok.
20.When prompted and asked if you wish to add the
following certificate to the root store, click Yes.
21.Second step listed in the email confuses many
people. Basically this step is not required for latest IIS server. Users using
IIS 5.0 or Higher servers do not need to download the intermediate CA as it is
included with the SSL certificate upon issuance if they selected in the
purchase as server vendor: Microsoft IIS 5.0 or higher. If you are not sure
about the selection you made when requesting SSL certificate, go ahead and
install it. It will not harm anything. To install it, perform same steps as
listed above (Steps 11 – 19). Be sure to click second link in your email
instead of first when performing step 11.
22.Just like the second step, third step in the email
is equally confusing. Don’t follow those steps, follow the ones listed below to
install the certificate without hassles.
23.Copy the certificate from your email. It will be
at the bottom of the email. Be careful when copying. Copy whole text including
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- and -----END CERTIFICATE----- and paste it into
Notepad. There should be no white spaces or extra line breaks.Save the file with .p7b extension. You can name the file as sslcert.p7b or whatever
24.Click Start > Run and type mmc and click OK. MMC console will open.
select Add/Remove Snap-in.
from available snap-ins and click Add
27.Select first option My user account and click Finish.
– Current User node.
30.Expand the Trusted
Root Certification Authorities folder on the left and select the Certificates subfolder.
31.Locate the following certificate:
To: VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G5
32.Right-click the certificate and select Properties.
33.In the Certificate purposes section, select Disable
all purposes for this certificate. This is a pre-installed certificate and must
be disabled before using new certificate from SSL.
Apply then OK.
35.Finally, install the certificate. There are two
ways to do it. One is through the IIS and the other is the MMC certificates
console. I prefer the second way because you have to come to the MMC
certificates console anyway to fix a problem if you opt to install the
certificate through IIS. If you install the certificate through IIS, at the
time of binding the certificate to your site, certificate will not show up in
IIS and then you will have to come to the MMC certificates console to perform
an additional step. So it’s better to go with the MMC route from the beginning.
There is another problem with the IIS
method. You get the following error when you install the certificate through
Cannot find the certificate request that is associated with this certificate
file. A certificate request must be completed on the computer where the request
36.Open MMC console (Start > Run > Type MMC
> Click OK).
37.Certificates console will still be available
because you added it in step 24 but if for some reasonyou had to restart your machine or log out of
it then you will have to add the console again. Follow steps 24 – 28 to add Certificates console. Expand Certificates – Current User node on the
Root Certification Authorities and click Certificates folder.
folder and select All Tasks then
40.Browse to the certificate (.p7b) file. Click Next.
all certificates in the following store and leave default store selected.
43.You will get The import was successful message. Click Ok. You may also get following security warning.
You are about to install a certificate from a certification authority (CA)
claiming to represent: Verisign Trial Secure Server Root CA – G2.
If you get this security warning, click Yes to install the certificate.
44.With MMC Certificates console still open, expand
Personal folder on the left and
right-click Certificates subfolder.
Select All Tasks then select Import.
45.Browse to certificate file (.p7b) and Click Next.
46.Keep second option Place all certificates in the following store selected and keep Personal certificate selected as the
default option. Click Next.
You will get The import was successful
message. Click Ok.
Bind Certificate to your site
48.Finally, bind certificate to your site. Open IIS.
49.Click server name. Expand Sites node.
50.Click site name that you will bind to the SSL
51.On the right, under Actions, click Bindings.
54.Keep 443 in the Port. This is default port used for SSL.
Certificate, select the certificate you just installed. Please note that if
you don’t see new certificate in this drop down, then you probably missed steps
44 – 47 above. Click OK. That’s it.
Alternate Access Mappings
you have a web application setup to work with SSL, configure Alternate Access
Mappings to use site with SSL. Open Central Admin Site and click Application Management.
Applications, click Configure
alternate access mappings.
58.You will notice you already have default site
listed in the Default zone. To add
new URL in the Intranet zone, click Add Internet URLs.
59.From the Alternate
Access Mapping Collection drop down, select correct application that you
want to use for the AAM setting and then add URL in the text box labeled URL protocol, host and port, for
From the Zone dropdown, select Intranet.
Now open site with https to test that everything works fine.
In the address bar, click the lock sign to check validity of the
certificate. If you want to see the certificate, click View Certificates link at the bottom of the notification.